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        小学生日记 - 课外知识 - 教学方法 - 小学生作文 小学作文大全_小学生日记网——www.crgg168.com
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        陕西省一年级语文课本“变脸” 先识汉字后学拼音

        时间:2019-10-04 03:44 来源:小学生作文网 作者:小学生作文网 阅读:

          今秋开学,全省小学一年级和初中一年级语文人教版部编新教材将“变脸”,小学一年级改过去先学拼音再识字的模式,为先学识字再学拼音;初一语文首次出现预习提示及自读批注课文,引导学生更爱阅读。

          初一教材:《纪念白求恩》重回课本

          昨天,记者在采访西安市教科所副所长、特级语文教师贾玲老师时,她表示,新教材使用,对教师教学提出了新的要求,必须悉心研读才能备好课。贾老师说,这套新语文教材编写体现了注重立德树人与文化传承、注重语文素养培养、构建学生阅读体系的主旨,从课文选择,结构设计及印制精美方面,可谓“精打细磨”,书本规格比以往扩大,已经有部分拿到的中学老师对此表示了赞许。

          记者发现,新版本初一语文教材依然保留了很多优秀课文篇目,新增加了部分篇目。不仅《纪念白求恩》重回课本,《天上的街市》《植树的牧羊人》等也进入课本。同样删除了部分旧版的课文,比如《我的老师》《紫藤萝瀑布》等。

          贾老师表示,课文选文的调整要体现时代特色,另一方面体现在新编课文教材体例的要求。她以初一课本为例说,教材每个章节都有一个主题,比如说将《春》《济南的秋天》等几篇课文编写在一个章节单元,体现了“四季美景”的主题。新课本还适当的增加了传统古诗词的篇目,旨在增加学生对中国古典文学的积累。

          初中语文首现预习提要和批注自读课文

          有多年一线教学的贾老师对记者说,初中语文新教材在体例设计上匠心独运,将语文阅读与写作和提升学习语文方法及思维指导有机结合,将课文分为教读、自读、推荐课外阅读等几类,比如说在每篇教师要讲授的课文前,都加了预习提示,就是让学生们在预习后带着“问题”去听讲。

          而在自读课文中,首次在课文中出现了批注,引导学生采取这种方式,独立阅读思考的同时,学会自我阅读的方法。此次课外阅读不再出现在附录中,而是在课本的正文独立单元中,比如在“消除与名著的隔阂”中,就推荐了鲁迅的《朝花夕拾》等名篇,在其他单元中还推荐了《西游记》等供精读和挑读的经典。

          小学一年级教材:首课先学“天、地、人”

          小学课本中《静夜思》等课文不见了踪影,而《乌鸦喝水》等原来下学期才学的课文,提前至上学期;钩鱿至恕肚锾斓搅恕贰渡臁返刃驴挝。

          陕西省三维发展实验学校小学高级语文教师韩新剑对记者说,以前小学新生在语文课上第一大拦路虎便是拼音。一些家长表示,为孩子学好拼音,费了不少劲和时间。今年一年级的小学语文课本最大的变化是,以前是先学拼音再识字,现在是先识字再学拼音,第一课的内容为“天、地、人”三个字,在学习过程中,重视了中国传统文化对孩子们的熏陶。

          而在识字量上,新版第一册识字量由400字减少到300字,并增大常用常见字的比重,同时,教材编排方面,增加“快乐阅读吧”、“和大人一起读”环节。

          对于人教版一年级语文教材的变化,记者8月29日联系多名西安市小学语文教师,他们表示虽然还没拿到教材,但从各渠道了解了新教材的变化。韩新剑老师认为现在的一年级学生大都具备了识字的基础,先从熟悉的汉字学起,再学习拼音,可以让孩子更顺利地完成幼小衔接,让拼音真正回归认字工具本源。一上来就让孩子面对难度较大的拼音,容易让孩子产生挫败感,不利于学习兴趣培养,这样编排更符合当代儿童的认知特点。

        标签:陕西省一年级语文课本

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